Charles University, Notable Alumni, All You Need To Know-Charles University is one the oldest and most prestigious institution of higher learning in the Czech Republic and oldest universities in Europe in continuous operation. It is made up of 17 faculties which are in 6 locations.
|Former Name||Charles University in Prague|
|Year established||1348: 671 years ago|
|Name of rector||Tomáš Zima|
|Number of Academic staff||4,058|
|Number of Administrative staff||4,029|
|Address||Opletalova 38, 110 00 Staré Město,|
|Location||Czech Republic Czechia|
In Charles University, the specific gaol that inspired its establishment is primarily to continue to promote the prestigious status of the noble institution of higher learning to be remarkably known as research University because of its numerous and standard research activities.
Meanwhile, It is a no news that the Charles University is one of the oldest and best-performing institutions for research activities in the Czech Republic, which makes the university very fit to compete favorably with any other research institution. The creativity which can be seen in the students and staff of the university is in a very huge range and are brilliantly applied projects and also other unique work of arts and publications.
The establishment was born out of inspiration by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. He gave a directive to his friend and ally, Pope Clement VI, to do so. Subsequently on 26 January 1347, the pope issued the bull establishing a university in Prague, modeled on the University of Paris, with a number of (4) faculties, the faculty of theological inclusive.
On 7 April 1348 Charles, the king of Bohemia, granted to the established university privileges and immunities from the secular power in a golden bull or chrysobull which was a decree issued by Byzantine Emperors and later by monarchs in Europe during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, most notably by the Holy Roman Emperors.
Between 1419–1622 was a remarkable period in the history of the university as it is regarded as the era of Protestant academy. In this era, the faculty of arts became a center were a pre-Protestant Christian movement that followed the teachings of Czech reformer Jan Hus, who became the best-known representative of the Bohemian Reformation.
Meanwhile, the university began to recover rapidly after 1945, it did not enjoy academic freedom for long. After the communist coup in 1948, the new regime started to arrange purges and repress all forms of disagreement with the official concept, and continued to do so for the next four decades, with the second wave of purges during the “normalization” period at the beginning of the 1970s.
Only in the late 1980s did the situation start to improve; students organized various activities and several peaceful demonstrations in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989 abroad.
The table below, shows the names and career of some notable alumni, of Charles University.
|S/N||Names of alumni||Career/Profession|
|1||Jaroslav Heyrovský||Chemist, Scientist|
|2||Eduard Hanslick||Music critic, Critic|
|3||Jan Svatopluk Presl||Chemist, Botanist|
|4||David Flusser||Professor, Author|
|5||Zuzana Roithová||Politician, Physician|
|6||Jan Evangelista Purkyně||Scientist|
|8||Milan Kundera||Poet, Novelist, Author|
|9||Christoph Willibald Gluck||Opera composer|
|10||Lipman Bers||Mathematician, Scientist|
|12||Jan Hus||Priest, Philosopher|
|13||Ivana Trump||Socialite, Fashion Model, Designer|
|14||Franz Kafka||Novelist, Writer, Lawyer|
|15||Gerty Cori||Biochemist, Chemist, Scientist|
|16||Joseph Johann Littrow||Astronomer|
|17||Otto Hönigschmid||Chemist, Scientist|
|18||Georg Joachim Rheticus||Mathematician, Astrologer|
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